Vocabulary Warm-up – Part 13

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Vocabulary Warm-up – Part 13

IELTS Vocabulary: Compare and Contrast

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task

The charts below show reasons why people own a car or travel by public transport

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant

.Write at least 150 words

 

.Complete the answer by filling the gaps with an expression from the box below

the same as
on the contrary
at the same time
compared with
by contrast
in the same way
conversely
in contrast to this
on the other hand
in comparison with

The first pie chart shows reasons why some people prefer to drive. N1.……………….., the second chart shows reasons why others regularly travel by public transport
The two most popular reasons for owning a car are freedom and independence, with 29% stating this.This percentage is N2.………………. for those who enjoy driving. N3.………………., the majority of people who use public transport do so because owning a car is too expensive for them. 3696 of people say this. N4.………………., ۲۵% of those in the survey state that they have not passed the driving test. For these two groups, it is not a matter of choice. N5.………………. ۲۰% of those who travel on public transport do so because they have concerns about the effect that cars have on the environment, so this group choose not to drive whether or not they can
۱۸% of drivers feel that they need to have a car because they have children. Another practical reason for driving is that it saves time, and 16% said this, N6.………………., ۸% said that they drive a car because it gives them a higher position in society, even though they may not need to drive. Of the remainder who travel by public transport, 12% say they dislike driving, N7.………………. ۷% who feel that driving is too dangerous
On the whole, it seems that most people would prefer to own a car if they could, N8.………………. a minority make a conscious choice to use public transport

 

: ANSWERS

The first pie chart shows reasons why some people prefer to drive. conversely / on the other hand / in contrast to this / on the contrary / by contrast, the second chart shows reasons why others regularly travel by public transport
The two most popular reasons for owning a car are freedom and independence, with 29% stating this.This percentage is the same as for those who enjoy driving. conversely / in contrast to this / on the other hand / by contrast, the majority of people who use public transport do so because owning a car is too expensive for them. 3696 of people say this. in the same way / at the same time, ۲۵% of those in the survey state that they have not passed the driving test. For these two groups, it is not a matter of choice. conversely / on the other hand / in contrast to this / by contrast ۲۰% of those who travel on public transport do so because they have concerns about the effect that cars have on the environment, so this group choose not to drive whether or not they can
۱۸% of drivers feel that they need to have a car because they have children. Another practical reason for driving is that it saves time, and 16% said this, conversely / on the other hand / in contrast to this / on the contrary / by contrast, ۸% said that they drive a car because it gives them a higher position in society, even though they may not need to drive. Of the remainder who travel by public transport, 12% say they dislike driving, compared with / in comparison with ۷% who feel that driving is too dangerous
On the whole, it seems that most people would prefer to own a car if they could, on the other hand / in contrast to this / by contrast a minority make a conscious choice to use public transport

 

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