Afarinesh Strategies – Part 98 – Writing – Part 6

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IELTS Strategies

استراتژی و تکنیکهای سوالات 

۶ – Writing Strategies

قوانین و ساختارهای گرامری برای رایتینگ

Relative Pronouns-Object

As we saw in the previous section, Relative Pronouns-Subject, a relative pronoun introduces an adjective clause and the pronoun can be the subject or the object of the clause. Here are some examples where the relative pronoun is the object of the clause
.The uniforms that students buy should not be expensive
antecedent
adjective clause
In the sentence above, students is the subject of the clause and buy is the verb. The relative pronoun that, with the antecedent uniforms, is the object of the verb
.The fashion magazines that students read influence their taste in clothes
antecedent
adjective clause
In the sentence above, students is the subject of the clause and read is the verb. The relative pronoun that,with the antecedent fashion magazines, is the object of the verb
The adjective clauses in both the sentences above are restrictive. They are necessary to identify the antecedent. In restrictive clauses, it is possible to omit the relative pronoun (except whose) when it is the object of the clause
.The uniforms students buy should not be expensive
antecedent
adjective clause
.The fashion magazines students read influence their taste in clothes
antecedent
adjective clause
Remember that nonrestrictive clauses provide extra information that is not necessary to identify the antecedent. Here are some examples of nonrestrictive clauses where the relative pronoun is the object of the clause
.Our director. who many people admire. agrees that uniforms are a good idea
antecedent
adjective clause
.My school uniform. which I bought last vear. still fits me
antecedent
adjective clause
Whom rather than who is considered the correct form for an object pronoun in formal, written English. In spoken English, however, and often in written English as well, who is often used as an object pronoun

: Practice

Read this paragraph from a student essay. Choose the correct relative pronoun to complete each blank

School uniforms don’t have to be unattractive. The colors N1.………….. (that/who) schools choose for their uniforms should be colors that look good on everyone.Plain, dark colors usually work best. It is also important to have skirt and pants styles N2.………….. (whom/that) students feel comfortable with. Plain, classic styles look good on everyone and are always comfortable. If schools choose uniforms N3.………….. (that/whose) the students like, then there will be no complaints. Of course, students should keep their uniforms clean and neat. Teachers, N4.………….. (that/whom) the students look up to as role models, should also be careful about their appearance. They need to set good examples N5.………….. (which/whose) the students can follow

 

:Answers

N1. that
N2. that
N3. that
N4. whom
N5. which

 

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