Verb tenses in IELTS
استفاده گسترده، متنوع و به جا از افعال نیازمند دانستن ساختار و کاربرد افعال یا tense است.جدول زیر به صورت بسیار مختصر ولی کامل و مؤثر، انواع زمان ها را با مثال به شما ارائه می دهد .آنها را بخوانید و تمرین کنید، سپس با جایگزین کردن افعال مختلف دیگر در رایتینگ و اسپیکینگ خود به کار ببرید.
سعی کنید تا از “حیطه وسیعی” از این افعال و زمان ها در مدت کوتاه اسپیکینگ و متن رایتینگ خود به صورت مناسب استفاده کنید.
English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners
Verb Tense Revision Chart
(Revision of all tenses of English verbs with a brief explanation and an example)
|-Regular activities / routine
|Amy and Sue play tennis on Saturdays.
|I am playing
|-Continuous present action
|Amy and Sue are playing at the moment.
|I have played
|-Finished part of continuous action.-Completed actions in
unfinished time period.-Recent events (unspecified time)-Past action with a result in
the present.-Experiences up to now.
|-Amy and Sue have played two sets.-They have played several other matches
this year.-Their parents have just arrived.-Sue has broken her racket so she can’t
continue.-They have played in many tournaments.
|I have been
|Present Perfect Continuous
|Actions begun in the past which continue today.
|They have been playing tennis since
۲ o’clock this afternoon.
|Finished actions at a specific time in the past.
|Last Saturday Sue played in another tournament.
|I was playing
|Past continuous actions.
|At 2.45 pm they were playing the second set.
|I had played
|Past Perfect Simple
|Completed actions before a specific time or event in the past.
|Two other people had played a match before Amy and Sue arrived.
|I had been playing
|Past Perfect Continuous
|Continuous actions before a specific time or event in the past.
|At 4 pm they had been playing for 2 hours.
|I will play
|Amy will win the match today.
I’ll lend you my racket!
|I will be playing
|Continuous future action
|Tomorrow they will be playing in another club.
|I will have played
|Completed future action
|By September they will have played ten matches.
|I will have been playing
|Future Perfect Cont.
|Continuous future action estimated at a time in the future.
|A 5 pm Amy and Sue will have been playing for 3 hours.
|I would play
|Probable action in an imaginary situation
|I would play tennis if I had a racket.
|I would be playing
|Continuous action in an imaginary situation
|Amy would be playing tennis if you came by on Saturday afternoon.
|I would have
|Speculation about imaginary situations in the past.
|I would have played tennis yesterday if you had asked me.
|I would have been playing
|Continuous hypothetical situations.
|I would have been playing with Sue if I had won my last match.