Verb tenses in IELTS
استفاده گسترده، متنوع و به جا از افعال نیازمند دانستن ساختار و کاربرد افعال یا tense است.جدول زیر به صورت بسیار مختصر ولی کامل و مؤثر، انواع زمان ها را با مثال به شما ارائه می دهد .آنها را بخوانید و تمرین کنید، سپس با جایگزین کردن افعال مختلف دیگر در رایتینگ و اسپیکینگ خود به کار ببرید.
نکته: سعی کنید تا از “حیطه وسیعی” از این افعال و زمان ها در مدت کوتاه اسپیکینگ و متن رایتینگ خود به صورت مناسب استفاده کنید.
English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners
Verb Tense Revision Chart
(Revision of all tenses of English verbs with a brief explanation and an example)
|I play||Present Simple||-Regular activities / routine||Amy and Sue play tennis on Saturdays.|
|I am playing||Present Continuous||-Continuous present action||Amy and Sue are playing at the moment.|
|I have played||Present Perfect
|-Finished part of continuous action.-Completed actions in
unfinished time period.-Recent events (unspecified time)-Past action with a result in
the present.-Experiences up to now.
|-Amy and Sue have played two sets.-They have played several other matches
this year.-Their parents have just arrived.-Sue has broken her racket so she can’t
continue.-They have played in many tournaments.
|I have been
|Present Perfect Continuous||Actions begun in the past which continue today.||They have been playing tennis since
۲ o’clock this afternoon.
|I played||Past Simple||Finished actions at a specific time in the past.||Last Saturday Sue played in another tournament.|
|I was playing||Past Continuous||Past continuous actions.||At 2.45 pm they were playing the second set.|
|I had played||Past Perfect Simple||Completed actions before a specific time or event in the past.||Two other people had played a match before Amy and Sue arrived.|
|I had been playing||Past Perfect Continuous||Continuous actions before a specific time or event in the past.||At 4 pm they had been playing for 2 hours.|
|I will play||Future Simple||-Predictions-Spontaneous decisions/offers||Amy will win the match today.
I’ll lend you my racket!
|I will be playing||Future Continuous||Continuous future action||Tomorrow they will be playing in another club.|
|I will have played||Future Perfect||Completed future action||By September they will have played ten matches.|
|I will have been playing||Future Perfect Cont.||Continuous future action estimated at a time in the future.||A 5 pm Amy and Sue will have been playing for 3 hours.|
|I would play||Conditional Simple||Probable action in an imaginary situation||I would play tennis if I had a racket.|
|I would be playing||Conditional Cont.||Continuous action in an imaginary situation||Amy would be playing tennis if you came by on Saturday afternoon.|
|I would have
|Conditional Perfect||Speculation about imaginary situations in the past.||I would have played tennis yesterday if you had asked me.|
|I would have been playing||Conditional Perf.Continuous||Continuous hypothetical situations.||I would have been playing with Sue if I had won my last match.|
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