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BBC 6 minute English-Is knuckle cracking good for you

BBC 6 minute English-Is knuckle cracking good for you

BBC 6 minute English-Is knuckle cracking good for you

   

Transcript of the podcast

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Rob

Neil: … and I’m Neil. Hello. cracking knuckles

Rob: Don’t do that please, Neil! It makes my flesh creep

Neil: Oh dear, if something makes your flesh creep it means you feel frightened or disgusted by something. I don’t know why I do it. It just feels nice

Rob: But you’ll end up with arthritis when you’re older, you know. Arthritis is a disease that causes pain and swelling in joints of the body

Neil: That’s an old wives’ tale, Rob! And that means an old idea or belief that has no scientific support

Rob: OK, if you say so, Professor. And since you’re in a scientific mood, how about answering today’s quiz question. Which type of joint can you crack? Is it

a) fibrous

b) cartilaginous? Or

c) synovial

Neil: OK, this professor isn’t feeling too clever today. I’m going to have to take a guess and say, c) synovial

Rob: OK. Well, we’ll find out how smart you really are later on in the programme. Now let’s listen to Professor Greg Kawchuk, Professor of rehabilitation medicine at the University of Alberta. Rehabilitation means the process of helping somebody get better from an illness or injury

INSERT Greg Kawchuk, Professor of rehabilitation medicine at the University of Alberta

We’ve recently been able to use some new technology through MRI imaging to see for the first time what is actually happening inside the joint when someone pops or cracks their knuckles. And because of that we’re hopeful that we’ll be able to start to ask questions about why is it that some people can do this and other people can’t

Neil: What does MRI stand for

Rob: It means Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Hospitals use this technology to produce an image of the inside of a person’s body

Neil: So some people can’t crack their knuckles. Can you, Rob

Rob: I don’t know, and I’m not about to try. But it isn’t just finger knuckles that crack – you can do it with your neck, back, knees, ankles and toes

Neil: Professor Greg Kawchuk says that comparing people who crack their knuckles and people who don’t might provide some insight – or understanding – into whose joints are healthier

Rob: Sounds interesting. But what actually happens when you crack your knuckles, Neil

Neil: Well, when you stretch or bend your finger to pop the knuckle, you’re making the bones of the joint pull apart… like this… cracking knuckles

Rob: Please don’t do it again

Neil: Well, it stretches the space around the joint and surrounding fluid and causes a decrease in pressure. As a result, gas dissolved in the fluid becomes less soluble – or less able to be dissolved – leading to the formation of bubbles. Now when you stretch the joint far enough, these bubbles burst, producing the ‘pop’ sound

Rob: Ouch! Excellent – well, thanks for the biology demonstration there, Neil

Neil: Any time! Any time, Rob! Now let’s hear from the professor again about the medical value of research into knuckle cracking

INSERT Greg Kawchuk, Professor of rehabilitation medicine at the University of Alberta

When our engineering colleagues do this between two flat surfaces say of ceramic or porcelain… When they do this and they pull them apart quickly and there’s a little bit of fluid in between – they can use electron microscopy to see there’s been tremendous damage to the surfaces of the joints. But for some reason we don’t see that in the human joint. There’s something that makes it very resilient

Rob: Interesting stuff! So scientists have performed experiments to imitate what happens in a human joint when you crack your knuckles. And when you quickly pull apart a pair of ceramic – or clay – tiles with fluid between them, it causes a lot of damage to the surface of the tiles

Neil: So why don’t human joints get damaged as well

Rob: Well, the scientists don’t actually know. They can see the damage to the tiles using electron microscopy – that’s a very powerful microscope. But it’s not clear what makes the human joint so resilient to damage – and resilient in this context means returning to its original shape after being stretched or bent

Neil: Right. But with further research scientists may be able to find out – and then use this information to help people with joint problems

Rob: Or they could create synthetic – or man-made – materials which can withstand wear and tear better than current ones. Withstand means not be damaged by something and wear and tear means damage as a result of ordinary use

Neil: Can we have the answer to today’s quiz question now, Rob

Rob: Yes, of course. So which type of joint can you crack? Is it

a) fibrous

b) cartilaginous? Or

c) synovial

Neil: And I said: c) synovial

Rob: You are quite clever actually because you are right, or was it a good guess

Neil: It was a good guess

Rob: Well done! And synovial is the name for the fluid that surrounds this type of joint

Neil: OK. So can we hear the words we learned today again

Rob: Of course. We heard

make your flesh creep arthritis an old wives’ tale rehabilitation MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) insight soluble ceramic resilient synthetic withstand wear and tear

Neil: Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. We thought it was a cracking show! Please join us again soon

Both: Bye

Rob: Go on Neil, one more time

Neil: Here we go. (cracking knuckles) Feels great

Rob: Horrible

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