BBC 6 minute English-The two sides of Churchill

BBC 6 minute English-The two sides of Churchill

BBC 6 minute English-The two sides of Churchill


Transcript of the podcast

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Neil: Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Neil and with me is Mike. Hello, Mike

Mike: Hello

Neil: Now, today we’re talking about someone you might have read about in history books: Winston Churchill – the British prime minister during the Second World War who is well-known throughout the world

Winston Churchill, British prime minister 1940-1945 and 1951-1955

We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets. We shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender

Mike: Ah, never surrender, in other words, never submit to your enemy. I remember reading about this speech that Churchill gave in June 1940, when France was being invaded by the forces of Nazi Germany

Neil: Yes, and this shows the spirit of this very famous leader still admired to this day. So much so that here in the UK we are marking the 50th anniversary of Winston Churchill’s death

Mike: He was a controversial figure wasn’t he, Neil? Controversial – it means people have divided opinion about him

Neil: Yes he was quite a controversial figure. You’ll learn more about him in this programme as well as some new words. But first, as ever, I’d like to ask you a quiz question, Mike

Mike: Okay, I’m ready

Neil: Do you know a lot about Churchill

Mike: I think I do, yes

Neil Okay. We’ll see about that. Which of these facts about Winston Churchill is false? Now, is it

a) He won the Nobel Peace Prize

b) He tried three times before passing exams to the Military Academy

c) He was a writer and a painter

Mike: I think it’s (a). I think he won a Nobel Prize but I think it was Literature, not Peace

Neil: Well, we’ll see at the end of the programme. Now, let’s talk about Churchill

Mike: You know what, Neil, many people think Churchill has a lot to teach some of today’s politicians. He was very determined, in other words, he was persistent. When Churchill believed in an idea, he didn’t give up easily

Neil: Yes. The Mayor of London Boris Johnson sees another good quality in Britain’s wartime leader. He says there’s one thing today’s politicians do that Churchill didn’t. What was it? How did he deal with issues

Boris Johnson, Mayor of London

It’s an illusion to think that he was a guy who skated over the issues. He was deeply immersed in all the detail and all the technicality and that helped him to get the right answer

Mike: Ah, Churchill didn’t ‘skate over’ the issues. ‘To skate over’ means to avoid dealing with something. Churchill studied the issues in detail

Neil:… and it helped him to get things right, according to Boris Johnson. One example is that Churchill actually went to Germany in the 1930s to assess the situation in the country first hand

Mike: Well, Nazi Germany was defeated and Churchill had a role in that. But there were other things he got wrong. He misjudged many situations. Misjudged, in other words, he formed a wrong opinion about them

Neil: That’s right! The historian Nigel Knight, a leading academic at Cambridge University, wrote a book about Churchill. He lists some of the mistakes made by the wartime leader throughout his political career. Now, let’s listen. How does he describe Churchill’s character

Dr Nigel Knight, author: Churchill: The Greatest Briton Unmasked

Churchill was fundamentally flawed. So was his military strategy: Gallipoli in World War One, which was replicated in the Norwegian, North African and the soft underbelly of Europe campaigns during the World War Two. It was his economic strategy as chancellor in the 1920s, the return to the gold standards, his attitude towards India and the Indians, and indeed his post war 51-55 ministry, which was very lacklustre and very poor indeed

Mike: Nigel Knight calls Churchill ‘flawed’, it means he had a weakness in his character. And Churchill didn’t get it right all the time

Neil: No. He occupied different posts in government and sometimes he didn’t get his strategy, which means his plan of action, right. His strategy in some military campaigns ended up in disaster

Mike: And his strategy regarding the British economy may have actually contributed to a period of economic crisis known as the Great Depression. And when he became prime minister again, in the 50s, his government wasn’t very good, was it Neil

Neil: No. Not according to the Cambridge academic Dr Nigel Knight. He called it ‘lacklustre’, which means dull, uninspiring

Mike: Well, we shall remember him mostly for his speeches in World War Two

Neil: Well, we’re running out of time so I’ll go back to our quiz question

Mike: You mentioned three facts about Winston Churchill and you said one of them was false, Neil

Neil: Yes, and the options were

a) He won the Nobel Peace Prize

b) He tried three times before passing exams to the Military Academy

c) He was a writer and a painter

Mike: And I said I thought he won the Nobel Literature Prize, not the Peace Prize

Neil: And you were absolutely right! Churchill did win a Nobel Prize but it was for Literature because he wrote books about History. He was also a possible candidate for the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize but didn’t win. Well, that’s it for this programme but let’s just remind ourselves of some of the words we’ve used today

Mike: They were

surrender controversial determined skate over misjudged flawed strategy lacklustre

Neil: Thanks, Mike. Well, that’s it for today. Do go to to find more 6 Minute English programmes. Until next time. Goodbye

Mike: Bye

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