گرامرمن – درس پنجم – استفاده از کلمات ربط – قسمت چهارم

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گرامرمن – درس پنجم – استفاده از کلمات ربط – قسمت چهارم

امروز می خوایم چند درس قبل رو تو قالب چندتا تمرین ساده جمع بندی کنیم.

الان ۴ تا جمله داریم که قراره اونا رو با توجه به روابط معنایی و منطقی بهم وصل کنیم.

جمله ها اینان:

.N1. My parents wanted me to have the experience of studying in a foreign country

.N2. My parents wanted me to have the experience of learning another language

.N3. My parents do not want me to remain in a foreign country too long
.My parents do not want me to change my cultural beliefs

رابطه منطقی و معنادار بین دو جمله اول از نوع addition بطور مثبت هست یعنی دو مفهوم بهم اضافه شدن. پس میشه:

My parents wanted me to have the experience of studying in a foreign country and learning another language

خیلی هم خوب.حالا ربط منطقی و معنادار جمله سوم با قبلیا چیه؟
آفرین تضاد داره پس میشه:

My parents wanted me to have the experience of studying in a foreign country and learning another language, but they do not want me to remain in a foreign country too long

دیدین چی شد؟
ما دیگه عبارت my parents رو هم تکرار نکردیم و بجاش از ضمیر فاعلی they استفاده کردیم.
خب! حالا ربط منطقی و معنادار جمله چهارم با قبلیا چیه؟
آفرین addition اما از نوع منفی پس به nor نیاز داریم که میشه:

My parents wanted me to have the experience of studying in a foreign country and learning another language, but they do not want me to remain in a foreign country too long, nor do they want me to change my cultural beliefs

دیدین چی شد؟
ما یک inversion هم تو این جمله داشتیم که قبلا بهتون گفته بودم.

حالا می بینید چه جمله خوشگل و حرفه ایی داریم؟ استفاده صحیح از ساختارهای پیچیده و متنوع یعنی همین. میتونستین همون چهارتا جمله اول رو هم بگین یا بنویسین اما حالا با این نکات ساده کدومشون حرفه ای تره؟!

حالا چند سری جمله بهتون میدم. خوب بخونید و ربط منطقی و معنادار بین اونا رو پیدا کنید و با گرامرهایی که تا الان با هم کار کردیم اونا رو خیلی خوشگل بهم وصل کنید.

.N1. I haven’t had an opportunity to see much of this city
.I haven’t had an opportunity to spend much time with my friends
.The teachers have been giving us a lot of homework
.The teachers have been giving us a lot of tests

.N2. We have just finished a review of the tenses
.I’m still having a little trouble with the tenses
.I will continue to study the tenses on my own

.N3. Juan, my roommate, is very fortunate
.Juan doesn’t have to worry about tuition
.Juan doesn’t have to worry about clothes
.I don’t have a scholarship
.My father doesn’t have much money

جواب های ممکن:

N1. I haven’t had an opportunity to see much of this city, nor have I had an opportunity to spend much time with my friends, for the teachers have been giving us a lot of homework and tests

N2. We have just finished a review of the tenses, yet I’m still having a little trouble with them, so I will continue to study them on my own

N3. Juan, my roommate, is very fortunate, for she doesn’t have to worry about tuition, nor does she have to worry about clothes, but I don’t have a scholarship, nor does my father have much money

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