Confusing English Words – hope / wish

Confusing English Words hope / wish

Confusing English Words – hope / wish

بسیاری از کلمات وجود دارند که معنی یکسانی دارند، اما در واقع تعاریف و کاربردهای مختلفی دارند. شما می خواهید درست صحبت کنید و از به کار بردن کلمات نادرست خودداری کنید، اما در مورد معنی دقیق و کاربرد هر کلمه کاملا مطمئن نیستید. بعضی از زبان آموزان حتی به دلیل تردیدهایشان از به کار بردن کلمات خودداری می کنند! هدف ما در این سری از پست ها روشن کردن رایج ترین کلمات گیج کننده در انگلیسی است.

hope / wish

.The word wish is usually used for hypothetical (imagined) situations, when you want something in the present or past to be different

:When you’re wishing a present situation was different, use wish + simple past

.I live near the beach, but I wish I lived near the mountains .I wish my mother knew how to use a computer, but she’s terrible with technology .I’m very busy and I have no free time. I wish I didn’t have to work so much .Getting a visa to travel to the U.S. is difficult. I wish the process wasn’t so complicated

:When you’re wishing a past situation was different, use wish + past perfect

.I didn’t go to college. I wish I had gone to college when I had the chance .I wasn’t expecting your visit. I wish you had called me first .Yesterday I got angry at my best friend. I wish I hadn’t said she was stupid !I wish I hadn’t seen that horror movie. I’ve been having nightmares for the past week

.The word hope is used when you want a specific result, and when there is (or was) a real possibility of getting that result

:When you are hoping for a result in the future, you can use either hope + present or hope + will + verb (they are equal; there is no difference)

.I bought a present for my girlfriend .I hope she likes it. OR I hope she’ll like it

.My final English exam is this Friday .I hope I get a good grade. OR I hope I’ll get a good grade

.The festival is next Saturday .I hope it doesn’t rain. OR I hope it won’t rain

:You can also use hope in the past continuous, past perfect, or past perfect continuous, when you wanted a result, but that result didn’t happen

.I was hoping my girlfriend would like the present I bought her, but she hated it .I had hoped to get a good grade on my English exam, but I failed .I’d been hoping it wouldn’t rain, but there was a huge thunderstorm and the festival was canceled

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