Confusing English Words – disease / illness


Confusing English Words – disease / illness

بسیاری از کلمات وجود دارند که معنی یکسانی دارند، اما در واقع تعاریف و کاربردهای مختلفی دارند.
شما می خواهید درست صحبت کنید و از به کار بردن کلمات نادرست خودداری کنید، اما در مورد معنی دقیق و کاربرد هر کلمه کاملا مطمئن نیستید.
بعضی از زبان آموزان حتی به دلیل تردیدهایشان از به کار بردن کلمات خودداری می کنند!
هدف ما در این سری از پست ها روشن کردن رایج ترین کلمات گیج کننده در انگلیسی است.

disease / illness

The word disease is more specific – it is the medical term for when the human body is not functioning correctly due to infection, genetic defects, or other problems
.Cancer, AIDS, and tuberculosis are all examples of diseases. The signs of a disease are called symptoms

:Some common collocations with disease include

a curable disease = can be cured
a preventable disease = can be prevented
a rare disease = not a common disease
a degenerative disease = a disease that makes your health get much worse over time
a communicable/contagious disease = can pass from person to person
heart/liver disease = a disease affecting the heart or liver
an outbreak of disease = when a lot of people in a certain place get the disease
the disease spreading = when more and more people get the disease, in an increasingly large area

.The word illness is more general – it describes the condition of poor health, but it is not specific about what is causing the health problems

:Some common collocations with illness

mental illness = general term when someone has a mental problem. Within the general category of “mental illness,” we have specific diseases, like schizophrenia
serious/severe illness = an illness that is very bad
minor illness = an illness that is not very bad
chronic illness = an illness that does not go away
fatal/terminal illness = an illness that will kill the person
recover from an illness = get better after being sick

:We also have a few collocations that are used with both

contract/catch/develop an illness/disease = begin to be sick
have/suffer from an illness/disease

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