Confusing English Words – adverse / averse
بسیاری از کلمات وجود دارند که معنی یکسانی دارند، اما در واقع تعاریف و کاربردهای مختلفی دارند.
شما می خواهید درست صحبت کنید و از به کار بردن کلمات نادرست خودداری کنید، اما در مورد معنی دقیق و کاربرد هر کلمه کاملا مطمئن نیستید.
بعضی از زبان آموزان حتی به دلیل تردیدهایشان از به کار بردن کلمات خودداری می کنند!
هدف ما در این سری از پست ها روشن کردن رایج ترین کلمات گیج کننده در انگلیسی است.
adverse / averse
.The word adverse refers to something that is opposing – it goes against what you want, and is often unfavorable, harmful or challenging
Heavy rain, high winds, or icy roads are adverse weather conditions (because they interfere with the operation of normal life and transportation)
.If a medicine makes the patient’s health get worse, not better, it is having an adverse effect
.If a decision has adverse consequences, it means that the results are opposite from what you wanted
.Some people pronounce this word AD – verse, and others pronounce it ad – VERSE
We often use the noun form, adversity, for difficult conditions. Someone who grew up in a very poor family and later became very financially successful has overcome adversity
:While the word adverse describes a situation, the word averse describes people, and it means the person is not willing to do something
.If your parents want everything to stay the same, they are averse to change
.Someone who doesn’t think it’s a good idea to invest money in the stock market is averse to risk
The noun form is aversion, and it also refers to a strong dislike or unwillingness to do something. If you have an aversion to broccoli, it means you really don’t like broccoli and are not likely to eat it