Afarinesh Strategies – Part 67 – Academic Writing Task1 – Part 16

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IELTS Strategies

استراتژی و تکنیکهای سوالات

Writing Plurals

قوانین و ساختارهای گرامری برای رایتینگ

Plurals

Count nouns are either singular or plural. A singular noun refers to one thing. A plural noun refers to more than one thing

:Most nouns form the plural by adding -s

year : years
product : products
price : prices

:Nouns that end in -s, -z, -ch, and -sh form the plural by adding -es

watch : watches
crash : crashes

:Nouns that end in a consonant+ y have a spelling change-change they to ie, then add -s

family : families
dictionary : dictionaries

:Some plural forms are irregular, for example

man : men
woman : women
person : people
child : children

 

Study the graph and the model essay below. Complete the blanks with words from the box below, changing
.them to the plural form where necessary. All the words will be used more than once
man
woman
doctor
salary
year
rate

 

.The graph below gives information about new doctors’ salaries

Model Essay

The chart compares the average  …………… of men and women who have just become …………… over a period of thirty  …………… , from 1985 to 2015. Women’s salaries remained lower than men’s throughout the entire period

In 1985, the average  …………… of a  …………… just starting out her career as a  …………… was $100,000. During that same year, the average salary of a  …………… in the same situation was a little under $150,000

During the next ten  …………… , women’s salaries increased at a faster …………… than men’s. In 1995, a woman earned an average salary of just under $150,000 while a man earned a little over that same amount

The …………… of both men and …………… continued to increase at a similar rate over the next ten years. Then, between 2005 and 2015, the salaries of  …………… started increasing at a faster ………….. . By 2015, …………… were earning over $200,000 a year on average, while …………… were earning a good deal less than that

 

: Answers

Salaries/ doctors/ years/ salary/ woman/ doctor/ man/ years/ rate/ salaries/ women/ men/ rate/ men/ women

Afarinesh Strategies – Part 67 – Academic Writing Task1 – Part 16
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