Afarinesh Strategies Part 20 – Choosing Headings – Part 1

Afarinesh Strategies Part 20 Choosing Headings Part 1

استراتژی و تکنیکهای سوالات

 Choosing Headings – Part 1


هدینگ در پاراگراف کل مطلب را در خود خلاصه میکند. برای پیدا کردن هدینگ مناسب پاراگراف را بخوانید و با توجه به مفهوم کلی هدینگ مربوط به آن پاراگراف را انتخاب کنید.


مفهوم کلی پاراگراف می تواند در جمله اول و یا آخر پاراگراف باشد.


.The following reading passage has four sections, A-D .Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings Write the correct number, i-viii, in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet. There are more headings than sections so you will not use them all

A Although the Sonoran Desert of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico is a desert, it does rain there. In fact, for a desert, it is fairly wet, with 3 to 16 inches of rain a year. It is also one of the hotter deserts of North America. The average high temperature is 86 degrees, although temperatures can reach well over 100 degrees in some southern areas. On the other hand, nighttime temperatures can fall to freezing in other parts of the desert

B The magnificent saguaro cactus, which can grow as high as fifty feet tall, lives only in the Sonoran Desert, and then only in those parts of the desert where conditions are right. It is found only in elevations below 3,500 feet as it cannot withstand freezing temperatures. This mighty plant is well-adapted to the dry Sonoran climate. In addition to the large taproot, which helps hold it up, it also has a system of roots that spread out just below the surface of the ground, ready to soak up the rain when it does fall. The spines that cover the cactus stem point downward, directing the raindrops toward the base of the plant where the roots are. The stems can absorb and store large amounts of water. The pores of the cactus open only at night, closing up during the sunny daytime to prevent moisture loss

C The saguaro provides shelter for a variety of desert birds. Gila woodpeckers and gilded flickers hollow out holes in the sides of the cactus to make their nests. After they abandon their cactus homes, other birds move in and nest in the hollows the woodpeckers created. Screech owls, purple martins, and house finches are among the birds that call the saguaro home

D In addition to shelter, the saguaro is also a source of food for many animals. When the cactus reaches sixty or seventy years old, it is finally ready to flower. Each flower blooms for only a day and, during that short time,animals swoop in to take advantage. Long-nosed bats suck up the sweet nectar. Bees, wasps, ants, and butterflies all enjoy a sweet meal from the flower. Later in the season, the fruit and seeds provide nourishment for birds, mice, rats, squirrels, skunks, and foxes. Just about any animal can find something good to eat on a saguaro cactus


List of Headings

? i – What Is a Desert ii – Grocery Store of the Desert iii – Animals of the Sonoran Desert iv-  A Home for Birds v – Conditions in the Sonoran Desert vi – The Deserts of North America vii –  Saguaro Adaptations viii – Fruits of the Desert

 …………………….  Paragraph A …………………….  Paragraph B …………………….  Paragraph C …………………….  Paragraph D


: Answers

v / vii / iv / ii

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